I got started with my own HomeLab recently and I wanted to host a torrenting client which had a web GUI. I searched over internet and rtorrent with Flood GUI seemed to be the best option. The existing blogs were helpful but had a lot of additional step which I felt weren’t necessary. I referred mainly these 2 blog posts, (this)[https://blog.thirdechelon.org/2019/07/flood-ui-and-rtorrent-on-ubuntu-18-04-16-04/] one which created one additional user for rtorrent and FloodUI and (this)[https://medium.com/@typhon0/install-rtorrent-with-flood-on-ubuntu-server-17-04-3753555a8a62] creates two separate users, one for rtorrent and one for FloodUI. I more or less followed these instructions with some tweaks.
Installing and configuring rtorrent
We use rtorrent as the main torrenting client which will handle all the heavylifting, i.e downloading and tracking torrents. If you are using Ubuntu, installing it is pretty straight forward.
- Just type this command in terminal
sudo apt-get install rtorrent
This will install rtorrent on your system
- Next we need to create a configuration file for rtorrent
this command will open up text editor, paste the following contents in the file
directory = /media/storage/torrents/downloads/ #This is the directory where you store downloaded torrents session = /media/storage/torrents/.session #This directory stores the session information for rtorrent port_range = 50000-50000 #Allowed portsd for rtorrent port_random = no check_hash = yes dht = auto dht_port = 6881 peer_exchange = yes use_udp_trackers = yes encryption = allow_incoming,try_outgoing,enable_retry scgi_port = 127.0.0.1:5000 #This is the scgi port our flood GUI is going to use for downloading torrents
Save this file and rtorrent is setup!
- rtorrent is a command and to run it as a service we have to create a systemd service. Running it as as command allows you to start the service at boot and not have to worry about starting it everytime you want to use the GUI.
sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/rtorrent.service
This will create a file and open up a text editor. Add the contents below and save the file
[Unit] Description=rTorrent After=network.target [Service] User=abhishek #your username Type=forking KillMode=none ExecStart=/usr/bin/tmux new -s rtorrent-session -d /usr/bin/rtorrent WorkingDirectory=%h [Install] WantedBy=default.target
This file defines the rtorrent service which we are going to enable. Run the following commands to check this service
sudo systemctl start rtorrent.service
This should create a tmux session with name as rtorrent-session. To check whether the service has started or not run the following command
tmux attach-session -t rtorrent-session
This should bring up the tmux session with rtorrent running in it. To enable this service at boot time run the following command
sudo systemctl enable rtorrent.service
Our base system is ready to go with rtorrent all configured and set up. Now we proceed with installing and configuring the front end.
#Installing and configuring flood UI